Beginning on July 1, 2019, a new California law will require websites that use chatbots to clearly disclose that it is a bot communicating online, and not a person.
The use of online chatting with ecommerce and other types of websites is becoming more widespread on a daily basis. Online chat tools allow potential customers to ask questions about products and services and get answers on a real-time basis. These tools also enable companies to address service and support issues on a real-time basis. I’ve used these tools to get help from wide spectrum of websites, ranging from the Delaware Secretary of State, when I needed guidance on a corporate filing on behalf of a client, to Goulet Pens, when I dropped an expensive fountain pen and needed guidance on a replacement nib.
The new California law makes it “unlawful for any person to use a bot to communicate or interact with another person in California online, with the intent to mislead the person about its artificial identity for the purpose of knowingly deceiving the person about the content of the communication in order to incentivize a purchase or sale of goods or services in a commercial transaction or to influence a vote in an election.”
However, there’s no liability if the person using the bot discloses that it is, in fact, a bot. The disclosure must be “clear, conspicuous, and reasonably designed” to inform persons that they are communicating with a bot. While the law doesn’t provide any more specific information on how a disclosure can comply with that standard, we can look to some general principles and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) guidelines that have evolved over the past few years. For example:
- Placement and prominence of the disclosure
- How close the disclosure is to the related claim
- Whether the disclosure can be avoided
- Whether other parts of the advertisement distract from the disclosure
- Whether the language is understandable
Considering that more than 39 million people live in California, it is highly likely that some California resident is using your website, no matter where your company is based, and no matter whether you sell to businesses or consumers. Consequently, we strongly recommend that all companies that sell goods or services and that use online chat tools comply with the California law. As mentioned at the top, this law goes into effect on July 1, 2019.